Volume 10, Issue 36 (Spring 2016)                   Medical Law Journal 2016, 10(36): 37-54 | Back to browse issues page

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Abbasi M, Parsa E, Parsa E. Legal Status of Freezen Embryos. Medical Law Journal. 2016; 10 (36) :37-54
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-514-en.html
1- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Law, Yazd Branch of Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran
3- Department of Biology, Ashkezar Branch of Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:  

Background and aim: One of the achievements of medical science in the field of infertility among couples is frozen embryo so that sperm and egg of couples is frozen to be able to use if necessary. According to the laws and the rights of frozen embryos, the question that needs to be addressed is whether frozen embryos consider as a property or as a person.

Method: This is a retrospective study based on extensive literature survey, translated articles, theses and benefiting from the experiences of other countries.

Findings: There are three theories about frozen embryos. A group considers it as a merely property which have a value as an object. Another group believes that frozen embryos have an independent personality including all the rights and duties of the perfect man. The third group believes that the frozen embryo has a certain respect that should be supported.

Conclusion: among the presented opinions, the one which is an interstitial comment has more fans. According to the potential life of frozen embryos in case of death of one spouse, frozen embryos cannot be used as one of the heirs. Moreover, frozen embryos of separated couple are related to the content of the contract with clinic that what their decision are about frozen embryos.

Please cite this article as: Abbasi M, Parsa E, Parsa E. Legal Status of Freezen Embryos. Iran J Med Law 2016; 10(36): 37-54.

Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2015/09/23 | Accepted: 2016/01/31

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