Volume 11, Issue 43 (Winter 2018)                   Medical Law Journal 2018, 11(43): 147-172 | Back to browse issues page

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Sedghi Sabet M, Parvaresh Maryan M, Baghaee M, Kazemnejad Leili E, Janipour M. Investigation on Knowledge Situation and Observation of Legal Aspects and Its Related Factors in Nurses. Medical Law Journal. 2018; 11 (43) :147-172
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-801-en.html
1- student of Crime Law and Criminology, faculty member of Shahid Beheshti nursing- midwifery college, Medical Sciences University Guilan, Rasht, Iran. (Corresponding author), Master of nursing, M.A.
2- M.A. student of Nursing Teaching, Shahid Beheshti nursing- midwifery college, Medical Sciences University Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Top master of nursing, faculty member (trainer) of Center of Researches of Affective Factors on the Heath, medical Sciences University of Guilan, Rash, Iran
4- Ph.D. student of Biological Statistics, faculty member (lectureship) of Center of Researches of Affective Factors on the Heath, medical Sciences University of Guilan, Rash, Iran
5- Ph.D. Student of Criminal Law and Criminology, Dept Law, Guilan University, Rasht. Iran
Abstract:  
Background and aim: The nurses with the main aim of providing the improvement and the human health, need to regard the rules so that they avoid from any medical fault and hurting to the patients. Hereof, it is felt to have valuable data about the knowledge situation and regarding the legal aspects by the nurses. The study was done with the aim of determining the knowledge situation and regarding the legal professional aspects by the nurses and its related factors in educational - remedial centers of Rasht City.
Method: The segmental - analytical study was done on 362 nurses who are employed in 7 educational - remedial centers depending to Guilan Medical Sciences University in Rasht and had entrance criteria of the study. The samples were chosen accidentally systematically. The study’s data were gathered with research- oriented tools including three parts: individual and job information, knowledge situation of the aspects of the professional act and the situation of regarding the legal aspects of the profession and it was done by approach. After calculating as a percent, the total scores accessed from the questionnaire of knowledge of the legal aspects (between 0-20) and the total scores of the situation of regarding legal aspects of the profession (between 0-90) were categorized in three levels of low knowledge (0-33%), medium knowledge (34-66%) and good knowledge (67-100%) and in three levels of undesirable (0-33%), relatively desirable (34-66%) and desirable (67-100%) respectively; then they were analyzed by using descriptive tests (mean, standard deviation and abundance) and deductive tests (Spearman correlation, Man-Vitney You and Kruskal Valace) on SPSS 16.
Finding: The majority of the case units of the study included the women (95.2%) aged 30-40 (40.4%) with the Mean and Standard Deviation of 34.7±8.1. The most individuals in the study had the medium level of situation of legal knowledge (77.1%) and also relatively desirable level of regarding situation (80.2). There was a low significant correlation between the situation of knowledge of legal aspects and the situation of it’s regarding (r=0.001; P=0.002). The situation of the knowledge of legal aspects of the profession in the studied units had a significant statistical relation with age (P=0.001), job background (P=0.0001), marital situation (P=0.012), job shift (P=0.036), type of employment (P=0.0001), job eminence (P=0.01) and the employment part (P=0.008). The situation of regarding of the legal aspects of the profession of nursing in the study samples had a significant relation with sex (P=0.001). Regression coefficients of the factors related to the knowledge and regarding the legal aspects of the profession of nursing showed the power of the age variables (P=0.03) and having information about legal aspects of the profession (P=0.04) for predicting higher score of knowledge of the legal aspects of the profession. The variables of the score of knowledge of professional legal aspects (P=0.001) and age (P=0.027) had higher power of predicting the score for regarding the legal aspects of the profession (OR=1.15, %95, CI: 1.05-1.24).
Conclusion: The results of the study show that the nurses need to more knowledge about the legal aspects of the profession and improving the level of regarding the aspects, especially for the nurses with lower age range and job antecedence and also contractual forces.

Please cite this article as: Sedghi Sabet M, Parvaresh Maryan M, Baghaee M, Kazemnejad Leili E, Janipour M. Investigation on Knowledge Situation and Observation of Legal Aspects and Its Related Factors in Nurses. Iran J Med Law 2017; 11(43): 147-172.
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2017/04/3 | Accepted: 2017/09/17

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