Volume 12 - Special Issue on Human Rights and Citizenship Rights                   Medical Law Journal 2018, 12 - Special Issue on Human Rights and Citizenship Rights: 345-355 | Back to browse issues page

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Ebrahimi M, Esmaeli M, Kazemi jooybari M. Investigating the Relationship between Social Capital and Crime in Iran (Case Study: Murder). Medical Law Journal. 2018; 12 :345-355
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-1274-en.html
1- Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University (International Branch), Amol, Iran
2- Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Ghaemshahr, Islamic Azad University, Mazandaran, Iran. (Corresponding Author)
3- Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Islamic Azad University, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Amol Branch, Iran
Abstract:  
Objective and Background: One of the Old Concerns of the Mankind has Been Overcoming the Problems of the Society, Especially the Harms and Damages Extant Therein. The Social Damages Feature a Vast and Complicated Structure. Social Capital Along With Physical Capital and Workforce is a Factor Influencing the Economic Progress and Social Welfare’s Enhancement. Social Capital Shapes Titles Like Norms, Trust and Bilateral Interaction and, in This Regard, the High Level of Crime and Criminality Denote the Low Level of the Social Capital in the Society. The Present Study Aims at Investigating the Significance Level of the Relationship Between the Social Capital and Crime Perpetration in Iran in Respect to Murder.
Study’s Findings: The Findings Indicated the Bilateral Interaction Between the Social Capital’s Level and Crime and Criminality; The Lower the Level of the Social Capital in the Community, The Higher the Level of Crime Perpetration and Criminality. Considering the Existent Relationship and Its Nature, it is Necessary to use the Previous Findings and do Constant Research to Better Recognize the Foresaid Relationship. Therefore, in Investigating the Issue and Finding a Solution Thereto, It Was Found out that Social Capital Possesses a Significant Position and the Researchers Have Begun to Pay a Greater Deal of Attention Thereto.
Study Method: The Present Descriptive-Analytical Study Has Been Conducted Based on Library Research.
Ethical Considerations: Trustworthiness, Scientific Impartiality and Honesty have Been the Principles Observed From the Beginning to the End of This Article.
Conclusion: Social Capital Plays a Considerable Role in Most of the Social Phenomena, Particularly the Harms and the Criminal Events and it is of a Great Importance in Finding a Solution in Terms of Elucidation and Recognition. Thus, it Can be Stated in Its Definition that Social Capital is a set of Capitals, Institutions-Driven Resources, Social Relations and Norms on Which the Quality of the Mutual Social Actions is Dependent. Therefore, Aiming at the Investigation of the Social Capital’s Status, the Country’s Murder Statistics and the Relationship Between Social Capital and Its Aspects With the Murder Statistics, Measures Were Taken in Line With the Analysis of the Extant Data. The Investigations’ Results Indicated That Iran’s Mean Social Capital Is 49% and Lower Than the Spectrum’s Average. Moreover, The Murder Statistics Have Been Ascending From 2012 to 2015 But a Reduction Has Been Evidenced for 2016 in Respect to 2015. The Statistical Tests, as Well, Demonstrated that There is a Significant Correlation Between Total Social Capital and all Its Aspects With Murder Meaning That the Reduction in Social Capital Inversely Influences the Crime (Murder) and Criminality Statistics.

Please Cite This Article As: Ebrahimi M, Esmaeli M, Kazemi jooybari M. Investigating the Relationship between Social Capital and Crime in Iran (Case Study: Murder). Iran J Med Law, Special Issue on Human Rights and Citizenship Rights 2018; 345-355.
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2019/01/9 | Accepted: 2021/01/5

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