Volume 15, Issue 56 (4-2021)                   MLJ 2021, 15(56): 505-516 | Back to browse issues page

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Akrami S M, Parvin K, Razmjoo M. Legal review of fetal health screening and medical abortion in the population rejuvenation plan and family support. MLJ. 2021; 15 (56) :505-516
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-1336-en.html
1- Department of Genetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran. Iran
2- Tehran University, Tehran. Iran
3- Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:  
Background and Aim: Early diagnosis of prenatal diseases and subsequent timely treatment of congenital anomalies has been one of the main concerns of the health care system. Screening tests are a set of blood and ultrasound tests performed to check the health of the fetus and to screen high-risk groups for infectious diseases, Down syndrome, and some other genetic defects and physical abnormalities during the various months of pregnancy. If these abnormalities are identified, according to the law on medical abortion approved in 2005, before the onset of depression, medical abortion is possible. The purpose of this study is to amend Articles 56 and 53 of the Population Youth and Family Protection Plan, approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly on March 17, 2017 (under consideration by the Guardian Council), in order to facilitate screening and maintain the abortion law.
 
Materials and Methods: This theoretical research has been done by descriptive-analytical method by collecting information in a library and referring to books, articles and dissertations.
 
Results: In this study, scientific, jurisprudential and legal arguments (including international and domestic laws) on the need to facilitate screening and maintain the law of medical abortion are explained in detail.
 
Ethical considerations: In all stages of writing the present study, while respecting the originality of the text, honesty and trustworthiness have been observed.
 
Conclusion: The topic of fetal health screening under the topic of the right to public health, women's rights, children's rights, the right to fertility and the right to abortion according to international and domestic laws to improve the quality of life and advance the human development process with the theory of speech identity. The issue of abortion is permissible in the cases covered by the single article of the law on medical abortion and before the onset of the soul, according to the jurisprudential rule of harmlessness, urgency, conflict, hardship, most important, legitimate defense and the rule of monarchy. Therefore, modifying the population plan and supporting the family will result in facilitating screening and maintaining the abortion law.

Cite this article as: Akrami S M, Parvin KH, Razmjoo M. Legal review of fetal health screening and medical abortion in the population rejuvenation plan and family support.  Medical Law Journal 2021; 15(56): e31.
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2020/12/5 | Accepted: 2021/04/11

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