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1- Assistant professor of Islamic Jurisprudence and Criminal Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran, Assistant professor of Islamic Jurisprudence and Criminal Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding author)
2- PhD candidate of private law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:  
By the revolution 1979, Islamic Republic of Iran has regarded empowerment of women as fundamental policy. This could be even seen in Iranian Constitution, which refers in its preamble and article 21st to the position of women and their rights. This policy has been categorized in the frame of some strategies, we are just going to focus on the prevention and immunization. The Prevention and the Immunization deals with the programs which can be evolutionally effective to improve women’s situations. According to the legal program, a large number of laws and regulation have been passed in the parliament since the beginning of the revolution such as “Security of Unprotected Women & Children Act, 1984”,“Combating human trafficking especially women & children, 2006” which are effective to decrease women’s victimization. According to the economic program, poverty is considered as an important factor that effects on delinquency of all persons especially women. So providing social justice and economic security, which is noted in article 3th (12) of Iranian Constitution, has always been given priority in government. Finally it must be mentioned that although the range of the measures and endeavors already applied are not comparable with those before 1979, and the victimized ones have better status, we have a great distance with the ideal position which is predicted in an upstream document, “2025 Outlook Document”. So the ultimate aims must be strongly pursued.

Please cite this article as: Mohammadi G, Ghanizade Bafghi M. Empowerment of Women against Victimization in the I.R.Iran. Iran J Med Law 2017; 10(39): 77-85
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2016/06/22 | Accepted: 2016/10/2

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