Volume 12 - Special Issue on Human Rights and Citizenship Rights                   MLJ 2018, 12 - Special Issue on Human Rights and Citizenship Rights: 93-106 | Back to browse issues page

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Zallaghi A, Malmir M. The Role of Judicial Officers in the Prevention and Control of Cybercrime in Iranian and British Law. MLJ 2018; 12 :93-106
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-1229-en.html
1- Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Criminal Law, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran. (Corresponding author)
Background and Aim: The Inefficiency and Criticisms of the Traditional Model in Curbing the Criminal Phenomenon, As Well as the Achievements of Criminal Science in Particular in Recent Decades, Have Led to a Fundamental and New Change in the Ideas, Patterns and Tools of the Judiciary and This Development has Led to a Change in Judicial Approaches and the Formation of new Structures and Types of Criminal Response.
Materials and Methods: This Research is of Theoretical Type and the Research Method is Descriptive-Analytical and the Method of Data Collection is Library and has Been Done by Referring to Documents, Books and Articles.
Findings: Due to the Fact That Cyberspace is Becoming More and More Widespread, and at the Same Time, the Methods of Committing Crime Also Take on a Different Color and Smell With the Advancement of Technology. In the Face of Crime, the Judicial System in Iran Uses the Various Elements and Institutions of the Criminal Justice System. At the Beginning of Dealing With Crime, it is the Prosecutor's Office and the Prosecutor Who, as the First Judicial Institution, are the Factors Influencing the Quality of the Trial Process and Also Play an Important Role in Achieving the Goals of the Criminal Justice System. Suffice it to Say That the Success or Failure of Criminal Policies Wes Much to the Performance of the Judiciary and the Prosecutor.
Ethical Considerations: In Order to Organize This Research, While Observing the Authenticity of the Texts, Honesty and Fidelity have Been Observed.
Conclusion: In Iranian law, All Forces, Including the Police, the Prosecutor, The Dispute Resolution Council, and Finally the Prosecutor's Office, Are Involved in the Entire Cybercrime Process. In the UK Legal System, The Prosecution is Not Involved in the Investigation and Inspection Phase; As it is the Duty of the Regional Police Unit to Deal With Most Crimes at the Micro and Macro Levels. While in Other European Countries, the Opposite Method is Common. The Purpose of This Study is to Investigate the Role of Judicial Officers in the Prevention and Control of Cybercrime in Iranian and British law.

Please cite this article as: Zallaghi A, Malmir M. The role of judicial officers in the prevention and control of cybercrime in Iranian and British law. Iran J Med Law, Special Issue on Human Rights and Citizenship Rights 2018; 93-106.
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2019/01/16 | Accepted: 2020/09/8

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