Volume 11, Issue 41 (Summer 2017)                   Medical Law Journal 2017, 11(41): 119-138 | Back to browse issues page

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Salehi Mazandarani M, Ehsani M. Legal Actions of Individuals Inflicted with Down Syndrome. Medical Law Journal. 2017; 11 (41) :119-138
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-739-en.html
1- University of Qom, Qom, Iran
2- Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Qom, Iran. (Corresponding author)
Syndrome means a set of physical and mental symptoms which is manifestation of a disease or hereditary anomaly and its Persian equivalent is “Neshanegan”. The cause of this phenomenon is a type of disorder in chromosomal arrangement which happens in the embryonic stages and at the time of cell division. Those who suffer Down syndrome include 47 chromosomes instead of 46 chromosomes in the cells of their bodies. The extra chromosome in the body of the one suffering Down Syndrome causes physical and mental changes. Insofar as the main concerning factor in the Down Syndrome is mental retardation.
Regarding that within a stage of their life period (nonage period), all human beings are forbidden of law enforcement and possession of their own property and inevitably must pass a period of Incapacity forcibly, as for Down sufferers who are inflicted with the mental faculties disorder and this state is continued to after reaching to the maturity as well and regarding the different degrees of mental retardation, it is necessary that their lawful action status and the lawful effect of this infliction on the lawful acts in different degrees to be considered. It is worth mentioning that in this case we are facing with the silence of law and the procedure of courts act on issuance of Interdiction for these individuals.

Please cite this article as: Salehi Mazandarani M, Ehsani M. Legal Actions of Patients with Down Syndrome. Iran J Med Law 2017; 11(41): 119-138.
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2015/07/21 | Accepted: 2016/03/31

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