Volume 11, Issue 42 (Autumn 2017)                   Iran J Med Law 2017, 11(42): 101-124 | Back to browse issues page

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Moghaddasi M B, Yazdani J. Victims' Rights, Witnesses and Informants of Patients in Iran Criminal Process. Iran J Med Law. 2017; 11 (42) :101-124
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-771-en.html
1- Assistant Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran. (Corresponding author)
2- MA Student in Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:  
Although, the history of login of secondary victimization notions in Iran criminology discourse return to more than a decade ago, but these ideas has been adopted in Iran legislative politics by enacting Code of Criminal Procedure in 2013 and in this act has been considered numerous mechanisms for supporting them in order to reduce their hardship. The victim's sick people have more specific needs than other victims. They are suffered financial and moral losses as a result of crime. On the other hand, due to their specific circumstances, they face persecution for their rights. Failure to support them will instigate delinquents in the reappearance of delinquency as well as the blackening of dark number of criminality. In addition to the victims, witness and sick informed people that play an important role in the administration of justice, needs special support. By ignoring this issue, disrupts the criminal justice system in fulfilling its basic objective of enforcing justice and depriving those victims of the fundamental right to plead. The question is that considering the necessity of protecting the victims, witness and sick informed people in the criminal procedure, is this necessity considered by the legislator in the adoption of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 2013? Regarding the anticipation of measures, it seems that the possibility of intervention by NGOs in declaring a crime against the victim's ill, prescribing the entry of judicial authorities in litigation on their behalf, the appointment of an interpreter for the deaf and lacking the speaker's power, the prohibition of arrest of witness and sick informed people and accepting their illness as justification and other protective mechanisms can be answered positively. Certainly, the proper implementation of these rights can be an effective step in improving the rights of the victim, witness and sick informed people.

Please cite this article as: Moghaddasi MB, Yazdani J. Victims' Rights, Witnesses and Informants of Patients in Iran Criminal Process. Iran J Med Law 2017; 11(42): 101-124
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2017/04/5 | Accepted: 2017/09/20

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