Volume 14, Issue 53 (Summer 2020)                   MLJ 2020, 14(53): 7-31 | Back to browse issues page

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Javid M J, Sanjari Moghaddam F. Plato in Farabi's Office: Search for the Roots of Medical Law in Two Ideal Societies. MLJ. 2020; 14 (53) :7-31
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-1068-en.html
1- University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2- Alborz Campus, University of Tehran, Law Department, Member of the faculty of Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding author)
Abstract:  
From Plato to Farabi, and even to this day, man has been searching for earthly paradise. Both philosophers sought utopia. It seems that the disagreement of thinkers and purgatory with the seemingly incompatible ideal of the mental ideal and the objective gloomy reality has made it impossible for human beings to easily achieve the ideal utopia. Clarifying the differences between thinkers and their pathology may one day help humans reach Europe. This paper is written in a descriptive-documentary analysis and comparative approach. The aim of this study is to investigate the differences between the ideas of Plato and Farabi in the field of medical law. To achieve this, it is necessary to go beyond the path of public law, because neither of these two thinkers has developed a specific treatise on medical law. Each of these two philosophers chose a path to achieve an ideal society. Plato resorted to pure idealism, or perhaps even extremism, to try to reach the utopia, while the ways in which Farabi reached the desired society, despite his idealistic attitude, were further refined. Given that al-Farabi had made changing and aligning with alteration a top priority for his knowledge, it seems that this attitude was much more reliable than Plato's approach and could lead man to an ideal society. Stability and change are the two key words in the path of Plato and Farabi's thought, all of Plato's ideas are based on stability and all of Farabi's ideas are based on change.

Please cite this article as: Javid MJ, Sanjari Moghadam F. Plato in Farabi's Office: Search for the Roots of Medical Law in Two Ideal Societies. Iran J Med Law 2020; 14(53): 7-31.
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2020/01/17 | Accepted: 2020/04/8

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