Volume 16, Issue 57 (4-2022)                   MLJ 2022, 16(57): 540-555 | Back to browse issues page

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Javanmard B, Abdollahi S. Criminal Liability of Athletes in the Use of Energy Drugs (Doping) in Iran and Germany. MLJ 2022; 16 (57) :540-555
URL: http://ijmedicallaw.ir/article-1-1213-en.html
1- Faculty of Law, E-Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Faculty of Law, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Background and Aim: The issue of criminal responsibility in sport is one of the challenges in the field of criminal law. One of the principles of this ethical framework is the issue of physical empowerment of athletes without the use of prescription drugs. The deliberate use of drugs to gain supremacy is far from ethical. With the rise of doping due to the materials nowadays, it has been widely agreed that the use of drugs for healthy competition among athletes is in conflict. Athletes who fail to comply with ethics are subject to disciplinary and criminal sanctions. This article examines the approach of the Iranian and German legal systems as well as preventive measures in the use of prescription drugs. The research method is descriptive-analytical. The method of collection is based on library studies. In this article we will compare the comparative law of doping in German and Iranian sport. According to German penal code, the use of narcotic drugs is referred to high officials and sentenced to imprisonment on a case-by-case basis, but in Iran the disciplinary committee rules are inadequate.
Method:  The research method is descriptive-analytical, with a comparative approach.
The collection method is based on library studies.
Ethical Considerations: The principles of originality, integrity and honesty have been adhered to throughout the process of writing this paper.
Results: The recognition of energizing drugs and their typology and consumption have been considered throughout human history. Importantly, human doping, like all new sciences, is interesting and fascinating and shows enthusiasm for the use and exploitation of new methods. With criminalization in this field, it seems that by increasing weight, the consumption of energy-enhancing drugs will be reduced and athletes will try to compete healthy in this field. It seems that with criminalization in Iran, we will see a decrease in the use of these drugs.
Conclusion: Sports is one of the basic categories that, at the same time as the appearance of man on earth, due to the needs of human society, physical training has been paid attention to as one of the most important matters and necessary for the survival of human life. Socialization is a part of the evolution of human personality by which a person prefers group values over individual values and replaces them with individual values. Today, in all stages of human societies, sport is a valuable thing and due to the progress of societies and the discovery of new knowledge in the field of energizing drugs, sports and new technology and addressing doping issues and helping to increase the level of knowledge and general awareness of doctors, coaches, athletes and To reduce the demand for drugs, we need strict and serious laws. Considering the availability of powerful drugs and the lack of proper knowledge among the youth and the complications of its use and the lack of prevention in this regard, the number of its users will increase every day.
Please cite this article as:
Javanmard B, Abdollahi S. Criminal Liability of Athletes in the Use of Energy Drugs (Doping) in Iran and Germany. Medical Law Journal. 2022; 16(57): e41.
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2020/12/16 | Accepted: 2022/06/2

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